From History of Activity of the Union of Ukrainian Students’ “Osnova” in the High Technical School in Danzig in the 20s of the 20th Century (the end of article)

BURIM D.V.

  • Germany was one of whose countries where during the Interwar Years not only political but
    also great intellectual Ukrainian forces were concentrated. A lot of Ukrainian scientists, cultural
    figures and students stayed there. While the 1920s-1930s Ukrainian students attended many
    Germany high schools such as Frederick William University of Berlin, the High Technical School
    in Berlin, the High Commercial School in Berlin, the High Agricultural School in Berlin, the
    High School of Veterinary Medicine in Berlin, the High Technical School in Danzig, the University
    of Kцnigsberg, the University of Gцttingen, the University of Kiel, Leipzig University, the
    University of Tьbingen etc.
    In most universities, where Ukrainians studied, Ukrainian student centers were organized
    and functioned actively, for example, the Union of Ukrainian Students Osnova and the Society
    of Ukrainian Students Chornomore in Danzig, the Club of Ukrainian Students at the University
    of Berlin, the Association of Ukrainian Students in Germany in Berlin, the Union Osnova in
    Berlin, the Association of Agronomists, Foresters and Veterinarians in Germany in Berlin, the
    Committee of Ukrainian Students from the Green Wedge in Berlin, the Union of Ukrainian
    Students at the University of Kцnigsberg etc.
    In the 1920s Ukrainian student organizations in Germany were united in the Ukrainian
    Union of Student Organizations in Germany (later the Ukrainian Union of Student Organizations
    in Germany and the Free City Danzig), which, in its turn, was included to the Central Union of
    Ukrainian Students in Prague.
    On the 9-10th of August 1924th the 1st Congress of Ukrainian Students in Germany and the
    Free City Danzig took place in Berlin, during which the Centre of Ukrainian Student Organizations
    in Germany was founded. The Centre included such organizations as the Union of Ukrainian Students
    Osnova in Danzig, the Association of Ukrainian Students in Germany, the Committee of Ukrainian
    Students from the Green Wedge in Europe, the Union Osnova in Berlin, the Association of Ukrainian
    Agronomists, Foresters and Veterinarians in Germany in Berlin and the Union of Ukrainian Students
    at the University of Kцnigsberg.
    On a par with Berlin, Danzig with its High Technical School was one of the most powerful
    Ukrainian student centers during the Interwar Years. The High Technical School was founded in
    1904th as Kaiser Wilhelm II Technische Hochschule Danzig. In 1904th-1918th it was named Kцnigliche
    Technische Hochschule zu Danzig, in 1918th-1921th – Technische Hochschule in Danzig, in 1921th-
    1939th – Technische Hochschule der Freien Stadt Danzig, in 1939th-1941th – Technische Hochschule
    Danzig, in 1941th-1945th – Reichshochschule Danzig, from 1945th – Politechnika Gdaсska.
    The first Ukrainian students appeared in Danzig in 1921th. From 1922th Ukrainians had
    been arrived in a large number. During 1921th-1945th over 200 Ukrainians studied in the High
    Technical School in Danzig. Finally, 140 persons got engineer’s degree and 4 persons got
    Ph.D. Most Ukrainians studied on the faculties of civil building, mechanical and electrical
    engineering, shipbuilding and on the chemical one.
    In Danzig, Ukrainian students united into the Union of Ukrainian Students Osnova in the High
    Technical School in Danzig. The Union started to work on the 15th of October 1922th and had been
    working since 1945th. In Danzig were also such Ukrainian student organizations as the Corporation
    Chornomore, the Corporation Halych, the Corporations Zarevo and Smoloskyp, the Cooperative
    of Ukrainian Technicians, the Ivan Franko Society, the Dragomanov Community, the Club of Native
    School, the Sport Club, the Singing Club Surma, the Club of Iron Spurs, the Club Dnipro, the Club
    of Scientific Terminology and others. Some of them were members of Osnova.
    The main goal of the Union of Ukrainian Students Osnova in the High Technical School in
    the Free City Danzig was to represent the interests of Ukrainian students before the Senate of High
    Technical School and local civil administration, «to promote Ukrainian students and their matter in
    relations with German and foreign communities, to represent student center before Ukrainian society,
    to propagandize Ukrainian matter in foreign world, to create the institutional framework for internal
    activity and to give material backing to members».
    In Appendixes to the article the documents, which enlighten the activity of Union of Ukrainian
    Students Osnova in the High Technical School in Danzig in 1920s, are represented. These documents
    are keeping in the Central State Archive of Supreme Bodies of Power and Government of Ukraine
    in the fund 4390 ‘The Ukrainian Union of Student Organizations in Germany (August 1924th –
    January 1925th) and the Ukrainian Union of Student Organizations in Germany and the Free
    City Danzig (since February 1925th).

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