PARTICIPATION OF SOVIET UKRAINE ATHLETES IN INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIONS IN 1920’s

DANYLENKO O.V.

  • The article discovers a participation of Soviet Ukraine athletes in international
    competitions in 1920’s. The paper emphasizes that the topic has not been a subject of
    complex scientific research yet. There are only few sides discovered in the articles of
    Ukrainian scientists. Archives of state and public institutions preserves documents and
    materials, which are an important source for studying direct participation of Ukrainian
    sports delegations and individual athletes in international competitions. The object of our
    interest is international cultural relations of the Soviet Ukraine. The subject of the paper is
    participation of teams and individual athletes in international football, athletics and other
    competitions. Objectives of research are: to show the first steps of Soviet Ukraine on its
    way to international recognition through different sports competitions; to identify the
    ideological influence on the development of Soviet sport; to find out the status of institutional
    and functional level of Ukrainian delegations in the international sport area. It is also
    important to establish bilateral connections and representative status of international sport
    teams in Ukraine on public, regional and national levels. It is noted that the Soviet
    government assigned the role of sport as a part of politics and propaganda in domestic
    and international area. Ukraine had the organizational and functional institutions that
    coordinated sport development, representing the republic at international and all-union
    competitions. Trips abroad were taken by Ukrainian functionaries, coaches and athletes to
    adopt physical culture and sport development experience from Western countries. In mid-1920
    the first among Ukrainian athletes were not professional sportsmen but amateur football
    players. Ukrainian SSR was represented on the international arena by players of football,
    volleyball, handball, basketball, track and field etc. The sport component of international
    relations of Soviet Ukraine was widely covered by the republican press. The article shows
    that during the first half of 1920s. system of Soviet sport was established. The second half
    of 1920s. is marked with intensification of contacts between Ukrainian and international
    athletes. At this time a nationwide and all-union sports competition in contrast to the Olympic
    Games were held and the athletes from around the world were involved. It is proved that
    during 1920th. Ukraine had a great variety of international sport relations.

  • DANYLENKO O.V. – Kyiv National University named after Taras Shevchenko, Dr (History), Assosiate Professor (Ukraine).

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