Relationship education and the civil state service in the Russian Empire first half XVIII century
This article examines the attempts of the government of the Russian Empire to establish
the supply of professional officers in civilian government agencies that have been made against
the background of the development of the education system in the first quarter of XVIII century.
Government officials have tried to implement the specified purpose, first of all, through highschool
and higher education, although this period is beginning to appear, and so-called special,
just for future civil servants education. Embodiment of these goals prevented a number of
problems: the imperfection of the system of education, class character of both education and
the civil service of the state, to the idea of compulsory education nobles, etc.
The emphasis is on the fact that for virtually all of XVIII century a special place in the
field of education in the Russian Empire occupied the various religious schools – Academy
Collegium Seminary (as others actually was not). And due to religious educational institutions
in the public service in the XVIII century fall not only members of the nobility, but also people
from other social classes, although this is happening against the wishes of the state.
In fact, during the first half of the XVIII century. state reached a certain level of professionalism
civilian officials in a certain degree. But the number of such officials still did not meet the needs of the
state. The very same professional education is not reinforced by the previous total. Only at the end
of the first half in XVIII. Some government officials are beginning to express the idea that up to a
certain time, all need to be trained adding identical, is not ready for service.