THE ADMINISTRATIVE AND TERRITORIAL DIVISION OF ZHYTOMYR GENERAL DISTRICT (THE SECOND HALF OF 1941 – THE BEGINNING OF 1944)
STELNYKOVYCH S.V .
On the basis of the rich source base the administrative territorial division of Zhytomyr general
district is considered. During the Second World War its structure included occupied by Nazi territories
of Zhytomyr, the part of Vinnytsya regions of Ukrainian SSR and the part of Polessie and Gomel
regions of Byelorussian SSR. The administrative centre of the region became Zhytomyr.
The research analyzes the main stages of forming the administrative territorial division of
Zhytomyr general district, which was established primarily in November 1941. During that time
military occupying units in the region were changed into civil ones. However some
administrative territorial changes took place during the whole time of occupation. The
general district was divided into independent city administrations and Kreisgebieten (at
the beginning of 1943 their amount was 26). The latt er included ex-Soviet regions. On the
16th of November 1942 in the framework of Zhytomyr general district the ethnic German district
Hegewald (Volksdeutsche colony) was marked. In the first half of 1943 after the civil management
system establishment for the amount decrease of German administrators and their work efficiency
the Kreisgebieten expansion took place.
The inclusion into Zhytomyr general district the parts of ethnic Byelorussian territories
and the south annexation of Ukrainian Vinnytsya region to the Romanian zone of occupation
were caused by the colonial motives. This witnessed the absence of any national and territorial
state approaches while forming the administrative-territorial division of Zhytomyr general district.
STELNYKOVYCH S.V . – National Pedagogical University named after M.P. Dragomanov, PhD (History), Assosiate Professor (Ukraine).