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The article examines the formation and main stages of Byzantine literature in the late
Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (IV-XII c.) in the context of phenomenological highlighting
its genre and textual features. The emphasis is on primary sources, historiographical perspective.
However, the author illuminates the spiritual and ideological orientations and ethical priorities
of Byzantine literary tradition, the most famous Byzantine analyzes the works of writers, poets,
historians, theologians and polemicists. In line with the characteristics of the phenomenon of Byzantine
literature during its formation and the first archetypal stages of development undertaken in the lig ht
of major general historical events that took place in the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantium) from its
founding to the era of the Crusades, the author also examines the main types and forms of
contemporary Byzantine literature, their aesthetic orientation and Orthodox didactics. Finally,
on the basis of civilized society in the Byzantine era highlighted, the author exposes the essential
component analysis Byzantine literature, which for centuries had a predisposition to certain
social and religious transformation and change in ideological and motivational principles aimed
at building a well-established vectors of official imperial culture.
In addition, author in an article focuses on differences of Late pagan literature of early
Christian writings. In particular, he notes that Christian rhetoric-sophists tried to build on the
ruins of pagan new content, but the shape on the base of the old culture. In a typical example
highlights the role of activity the school of Gaza, where for IV-VI centuries blossomed and
developed the same genre that successfully developed in the old pagan schools. When creating
works of Christian content and direction rhetoric hazka school filled their comparisons with
the heroes of Greek mythology and historical details of classical pagan times.
On the other hand, the author stresses that the process of assimilation originally Christian
literature genre forms and methods, verbal expression have been developed pagan literature, and
the gradual break it most clearly observed in Christian poetry in definite period. Next
Byzantine Orthodox development – both ecclesiastical and secular – literature in all its genres
differences occurred in aligning most common ancient literary models focused on strengthening
the spiritual and philosophical, moral and ethical priorities, common in the Byzantine (Eastern
Roman) society.[/restab]

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BODNARIUK B.M. – Chernivtsi national university named after Yurii Fedkovych, Dr (History), Assosiate Professor (Ukraine).[/restab]

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