The Ukrainian Poet K. Bililovsky as a Doctor


  • K. Bililovsky (1859-1938) is the Ukrainian poet, translator and cultural figure. He received
    higher medical education and he earned his living as a doctor the whole lifetime. Great literature
    was devoted to him, but his work as a doctor has not been investigated yet. The purpose of this
    study, in contrast to the already carried research, to enlighten the stages of K. Bililovsky’s
    medical practice. At the same time we are bringing new historical sources, such as archival and
    published ones, that dropped out of sight of the researchers of the doctor and the Ukrainian
    poet’s life and work. For the first time the stages of K. Bililovsky’s medical biography were
    clarified and documented.
    He received his medical education at the Universities of Leipzig (1875-1876), Vienna
    (1876-1878), Dorpat (1879-1881) and again in Vienna (1882) and he graduated from the
    University of Jena in 1883. After that he worked as a doctor in Poltava. In 1885-1891 he was
    a policeman doctor in Petropavlovsk (now in Kazakhstan). In 1891-1892 he worked as a military
    doctor. Then he retired and served in the civil service in St. Petersburg. In 1895 he defended his
    thesis for the degree of Doctor of Medicine. In 1899-1905 K. Bililovsky worked as Kurland
    assistant of the provincial medical inspector in Mitau (now Jelgava, Latvia). Since 1906 he was
    at the same position in the Olonets province (Petrozavodsk), and in 1907-1910 as a provincial
    medical inspector in the same place. In 1910-1913 he worked as Taurida provincial medical
    inspector (Simferopol). In 1913-1920 he was a chief physician of Feodosia Marine medicalmonitoring
    station. During the Civil War he joined the White movement. In 1920-1925 he worked
    as a doctor in the city of Simferopol. In 1925-1932 K. Bililovsky worked as an eye doctor in the
    Soviet dispensary in Rasht (Iran). The last years of his life were spent in Simferopol, where he
    died and was buried.
    He is an author of several published scientific publications. In 1887 his health statistics
    and health sketch of Petropavlovsk were published. In this study he gave, for the first time, a
    fairly complete picture of the health of the area, completely unknown until now in this regard. In
    1890 he made ovariotomy in Kazakhstan for the first time. He reported on the results of his
    successful gynecological activities in the medical society in St. Petersburg. So far his medical
    research and ethnographic essays are of scientific interest. His experience of the prison doctor
    was reflected in the monograph on the physical type of criminal. Finally, he explored the city of
    Yalta in a sanitary point of view, which allowed him to specify what measures could and should
    take to improve the health status of the city. The abovementioned inevitably would lead to the
    improvement of public health. For the first time the historical sources, introduced into scientific
    use, allow better understanding of K. Bililovsky’s poetic legacy.

  • VASYLYEV K.K. – Dr., Professor, Science, Professor, Odesa National Medical University (Ukraine)

    ARNIS VІKSNA – Dr., Professor, Academician, Latvian Academy of Sciences (Latvian).