Formation Characteristics and Traditions in Literature Byzantium IV – First Half of V Centuries


  • The article examines the formation and first stage of Byzantine literature in the Late
    Antiquity (IV-V c.) in the context of phenomenological highlighting its genre and textual features.
    However, the author illuminates the spiritual and ideological orientations and ethical priorities
    of Byzantine literary tradition, the most famous Byzantine analyzes the works of early writers,
    poets, historians, theologyans and polemicists. In line with the characteristics of the phenomenon
    of Byzantine literature during its formation and the first archetypal stages of development
    undertaken in the light of major general historical events that took place in the Eastern Roman
    Empire (Byzantium) from its founding to the era of to the board Theodosius II Younger, the
    author also examines the main types and forms of contemporary Byzantine literature, their
    aesthetic orientation and Orthodox didactics. Finally, on the basis of civilized society in the
    Byzantine era highlighted, the author exposes the essential component analysis Byzantine
    literature, which for centuries had a predisposition to certain social and religious transformation
    and change in ideological and motivational principles aimed at building a well-established
    vectors of official imperial culture.
    In addition, author in an article focuses on differences of Late pagan literature of early
    Christian writings. In particular, he notes that Christian rhetoric-sophists tried to build on the
    ruins of pagan new content, but the shape on the base of the old culture. In a typical example
    highlights the role of activity the school of Gaza, where for IV-VI centuries blossomed and
    developed the same genre that successfully developed in the old pagan schools. When creating
    works of Christian content and direction rhetoric hazka school filled their comparisons with
    the heroes of Greek mythology and historical details of classical pagan times. On the other
    hand, the author stresses that the process of assimilation originally Christian literature genre
    forms and methods, verbal expression have been developed pagan literature, and the gradual
    break it most clearly observed in Christian poetry in definite period. Next Byzantine Orthodox
    development – both ecclesiastical and secular – literature in all its genres differences occurred
    in aligning most common ancient literary models focused on strengthening the spiritual and
    philosophical, moral and ethical priorities, common in the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) society.

  • BODNARIUK B. – Dr., Assosiate Professor, Chernivtsi national university named after Yurii Fedkovych  (Ukraine).