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The article considered the study of the sources of the child’s memory about the Great
Patriotic War. The main attention is focused on the complexes of materials in leading Russian
archives (Russian State Archive of Socio-Political History, State Archive of the Russian Federation
and other archives), contemporary documentary publications as well as oral histories.
Almost everywhere childhood memories, diaries and letters constitute an extremely small
portion of those funds and collections that contain sources of personal origin of the war. But
recently published a lot of childhood memories. The oral history played an increasingly significant
role. Written stories of various categories of children – not only participants in the war, but also
underage prisoners of Nazi concentration camps, eyewitnesses occupation, evacuation,
blockade. Virtual archives, databases and data banks are the essential foundation for the study
of many aspects of military childhood.
Source base is a lot of opportunities to explored the childhood memory of the Great
Patriotic War. At the same time it shows that the child’s memories largely inconsistent and contain
different descriptions. This allows to talk about the different models of perception war history.
Numerous “conflicts of memories” and still lingering taboo is largely due to the inhomogeneity
of the historical memory of modern Russian and other postsoviet societies, including the
contradictions of public and private cultural of memory. Socio-political transformations also
contribute to filling the last different meanings.[/restab]

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KRINKO E.F. – Institute of Social-Economic Research and Humanities of Southern Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, Dr (History) (Russia).[/restab]

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